Automotive products are regulated through EU laws for vehicle type-approval. To ensure level playing field, build trust of consumers and reduce administrative burden, all policy proposals are subject to competitiveness proofing.
Under REACH, substances manufactured or imported on their own or in mixtures, as well as substances intended to be released from articles, need to be registered according to the REACH timeline once a certain yearly tonnage is exceeded. Additionally, Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs) may require authorization or may be restricted. SVHCs listed on the Candidate List need to be identified in articles and communicated throughout the supply chain and to the consumers if certain criteria are met. Continued REACH compliance is critical to maintain business continuity for any company doing business, or having customers or suppliers doing business, in the European Economic Area (EEA).
The new EU Vehicle Type Approval Regulation is in place from September 2020, which includes more robust and realistic testing methods for measuring both nitrogen oxides (NOx) and CO2 emissions from cars, strict air quality standards that Member States have to comply with, and a number of measures to foster low-emission mobility (i.e. action plan for alternative fuel infrastructure, development of full value chain of battery production).
China “Automobile RoHS: Management Requirements for Vehicle Hazardous Substance and Recyclable Utilization Ratios” (“Requirements”), referred to as China’s “Automobile RoHS” program, is intended to specify that hazardous substance content and recyclability ratios for passenger cars carrying no more than 9 persons (M1 category) meet the specifications set out in two separate standards governing these issues.
New measures concerning restricted-material content and recyclability requirements for certain passenger cars came into effect on January 1, 2016.
According to the regulations, lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers in any homogenous material of the motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts, by mass fraction, should not exceed 0.1 percent. Cadmium in any homogenous material of the motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts, by mass fraction, should not exceed 0.01 percent.
As per the Article 30 (Permissible Standards of Noises Produced by Manufactured Cars) of the Noise and Vibration Control Act, the noises emitted from manufactured motor vehicles (hereinafter referred to as “manufactured cars”) need to conform to the permissible manufactured car noise standards as determined by the Presidential Decree.
The exhaust gases from automobiles are regulated under Article 46 (kinds of exhaust gases) of Clean Air Conservation Act.
The United States entails vehicle or vehicle parts to conform to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations for emission and safety requirements.